CCPP is caused by bacterium Mycoplasma capricolum subspecies capripneumoniae.
CCPP can be found in many countries in Africa, Asia and the Middle East.
In naive herds, the morbidity rate may reach 100% and the mortality rate can be as high as 80%. CCPP causes major economic losses in endemic areas; the total yearly cost of the disease is estimated to be US $507 million.
This disease is transmitted during close contact and by the inhalation of respiratory droplets.
The incubation period is commonly six to ten days. Peracutely affected goats can die within one to three days with minimal clinical signs. Acute symptoms include fever, lethargy, violent coughing, extended necks, laboured breathing, loss of appetite and abortions.
Tetracyclines and tylosin can be effective if given early. Vaccines have been used to prevent disease in some countries.
For further information, view our CCPP product development work.