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African Swine Fever (ASF) is a highly contagious hemorrhagic viral disease of pigs and warthogs, characterised by high mortality in animals of all ages. Endemic in sub-Saharan Africa, the disease can be either mild or severe.

ASF is highly contagious and spreads rapidly through contact with a sick animal or a tick that has contracted the virus, or through contaminated material such as food. Once a herd is infected, the disease spreads rapidly. Currently there is not an effective vaccine or treatment available for ASF.